Badiee, Z, Asghari M, Mohammadizadeh M: The calming effect of maternal breast milk odor on premature infants. Pediatrics-Neonatology 2013.–9572. 54(5) doi:10.1016/j.pedneo.2013.04.004

Bartocci et al.: Activation of olfactory cortex in newborn infants after odor stimulation: a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study. Pediatr Res 2020.

BBC: Pheromones are probably not why people find you attractive.

Benakappa A: Breastfeeding in the first hour of birth: Science and skills. Science and skills. Karnataka Pediatr J 2020. 35(2):72–5

Boesveldt S, Parma V: The importance of the olfactory system in human well-being, through nutrition and social behavior. Cell Tissue Res 2021. 383(1):559–567. doi: 10.1007/s00441–020–03367-

Brimdyr K, Cadwell K. Svensson K, Tagahashi Y: The nine stages of skin-to-skin: practical guidelines and insights from four countries. Matern & Child Nutrition 2020. Doi: /

Büttner A: A selective and sensitive approach to characterize odour-active and volatile constituents in small-scale human milk samples. Flavour and Fragrance Journal 2007. 10.1002/ffj.1822

Burger K: Die Vanillisierung des Geschmacks. 2010.!5138987/

Cakirli M, Acikgoz A: A Randomized Controlled Trial: The effect of own mother‘s breast milk odor and another mother‘s breast milk odor on pain level of newborn infants Breastfeed Med 2021. 16(1): 75–81. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2020.0222.  doi: 10.1089/bfm.2020.0222

Debong M W, N‘Diaye K, Owsienko D, Schöberl D, Ammar T, Lang R, Buettner A, Hofmann T, Loos HM: Dietary Linalool is Transferred Into the Milk of Nursing Mothers. Mol. Nutr. Food Res 2021. 2100507.

Doucet S et al.: An overlooked aspect of the human breast: areolar glands in relation with breastfeeding pattern, neonatal weight gain, and the dynamics of lactation. Early Hum Dev 2012. 88(2):119–28. doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2011.07.020

Doucet S, Soussignan R, Sagot P, Schaal B: The secretion of areolar (Montgomery‘s) glands from lactating women elicits selective, unconditional responses in neonates. PLoS ONE 2009. 4(10):e7579 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0007579

Forestell CA: Flavor perception and preference development in human infants. Ann Nutr Metab 2017. 70 Suppl 3:17–25. doi: 10.1159/000478759.

Gellrich J et al.: Central nervous system processing of floral odor and mother’s milk odor in infants. Chemical Senses 2021. Volume 46, bjab024,

Hartmann C et al.: Development of an analytical approach for identification and quantification of 5-α-androst-16-en-3-one in human milk. Steroids 2013. Feb;78 (2):156–60. doi: 10.1016/j.steroids.2012.11.005. 

Hausner H et al.: Differential transfer of dietary flavour compounds into human breast milk Physiol Behav 2008. 3;95(1–2):118–24. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2008.05.007.

Hitzler H: Duftverarbeitung bei Heranwachsenden. Dissertation. Dresden 2021

Jebreili M et al.: Comparison of breastmilk odor and vanilla odor on mitigating premature infants‘ response to pain during and after venipuncture. Breastfeed Med 2015. 10(7):362–5. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2015.0060

Klaey-Tasso M: Human neonates prefer colostrum to mature milk: Evidence for an olfactory bias toward the »initial milk«? American Journal of Human Biology 2020.

Langley L: How pheromones help bee queens rule and lemurs »flirt«. National Geographic 2020.

Loos H: PhD Thesis. Ethological and aroma-analytical investigations on human milk odour. Erlangen 2015

Loos H et al.: Responsiveness of human neonates to the odor of 5-androst-16-en-3-one: a behavioral paradox? Chem Senses 2014. Oct;39(8):693–703. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bju041

Loos H, Reger D, Schaal B: The odour of human milk: Its chemical variability and detection by newborns. Physiology & Behavior 2019. 199: 88–99. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2018.11.008

Loos HM et al.: Responsiveness of human neonates to the odor of 5α-androst-16-en-3-one: a behavioral paradox? Chem Senses 2014. 39(8):693–703. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bju041

Marlier l, Schall B, Soussignan R: Neonatal Responsiveness to the Odor of Amniotic and Lacteal Fluids: A Test of Perinatal Chemosensory Continuity Child Development. Child Dev 1998. (3):611–23

Mennella JA, Jagnow CP, Beauchamp GK: Prenatal and postnatal flavor learning by human infants. Pediatrics 2001. 107: E88

Mennella JA: Flavour Programming during breast-feeding. In: Goldberg G, Prentice A, Prentice A, Filteau S, Simondon K, editors. Breast-feeding: early influences on later health. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Springer 2009. 113–20.

Mennella JA, Beauchamp GK: The human infants‘ response to vanilla flavors in mother‘s milk and formula. Infant Behavior and Development 1996. 19 (1): 1–157, January–March 1996, 13–19.

Muelbert, M, Lin L, Bloomfield FH, Harding JE: Exposure to the smell and taste of milk to accelerate feeding in preterm infants. Cochrane Databas Syst Rev. 2019 Jul 16;7(7):CD013038.

Muelbert M et al.: Olfactory Cues in Infant Feeds: Volatile Profiles of Different Milks Fed to Preterm Infants. Front Nutr. 2020; 7: 603090. Published online 2021 Jan 15. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2020.603090

N´Diaye K, Debong M, Behr J, Dirndorfer S, Duggan T, Beusch A, Schlagbauer V, Dawid C, Loos HM, Buettner A, Lang R, Hofmann T.: Dietary Piperine is transferred into the milk of nursing mothers. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. 2021. 2100508.

Raineki C, Pickenhagen A, Roth TL, Babstock DM, McLean JH: The neurobiology of infant maternal odor learning. Braz J Med Biol Res 2010. 43 (10): 914–9. doi:10.1590/S0100–879X2010007500090

Romantshik O et al.: Preliminary evidence of a sensitive period for olfactory learning by human newborns. Randomized Controlled Trial. Acta Paediatr. 2007. 96(3):372–6doi: 10.1111/j.1651–2227.2006.00106.x

Schaal B et al.: Olfaction scaffolds the developing human from neonate to adolescent and beyond. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B: Biological Sciences2020. 375. doi:

Schriever V, Gellrich J, Rochor N, Croy I, Cao-Van H, Rüdiger M, Hummel T: Sniffin’ Away the Feeding Tube: The Influence of Olfactory Stimulation on Oral Food Intake in Newborns and Premature Infants. Chemical Senses 2018. doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjy034

Smith DM et al.: Montgomery’s areolar tubercle. A light microscopic study. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 1982. 106, 60–63

Spahn J et al.: Influence of Maternal Diet on Flavor Trans­fer to Amniotic Fluid and Breast Milk and Children‘s Responses: A Systematic Review 2019. Medical J Clin Nutr 2019. 1;109:1003–1026. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqy240

Tasci B, Ayyildiz TZ: The Calming Effect of maternal breast milk odor on term infant: A randomized controlled trial. Breastfeed Med. 2020. 15(11):724–730. doi: 10.1089/bfm.2020.0116.

Varendi H et al: Soothing effect of amniotic fluid smell in newborn infants. Early Hum Dev 1998. 51: 47–55

Wyatt TD: The search for human pheromones: the lost decades and the necessity of returning to first principles. Biological Sciences 2015.

Wyatt TD: Reproducible research into human chemical communication by cues and pheromones: learning from psychology's renaissance. Biological Sciences 2020.

« Zurück zum Artikel